Top 10 General Contractors in Bayonne, NJ

Porch Pro Headshot Franklin Painting LLC
General Contractors
Serves Bayonne, New Jersey
(146)
We can handle any and all of your carpentry and painting needs. Painting interior & exterior, house restoration, tape seams repair, skim coating, wallpaper hanging & removal, paint stripping, stucco repair, carpentry work, masonry, roofing, power sanding to the bare wood, power wash, nail pops repai...Read more about Franklin Painting LLC
We can handle any and all of your carpentry and painting needs. Painting interior & exterior, house restoration, tape seams repair, skim coating, wallpaper hanging & removal, paint stripping, stucco repair, carpentry work, masonry, roofing, power sanding to the bare wood, power wash, nail pops repai...Read more about Franklin Painting LLC
Porch Pro Headshot Dream Home Remodeling
General Contractors
Serves Bayonne, New Jersey
(29)
"Dream Home Remodeling was terrific. Eric and his team were always very knowledgeable and professional and worked very hard to make our kitchen everything we wanted. We would highly recommend Dream Home Remodeling!"
"Dream Home Remodeling was terrific. Eric and his team were always very knowledgeable and professional and worked very hard to make our kitchen everything we wanted. We would highly recommend Dream Home Remodeling!"
Porch Pro Headshot Er Homes LLC
General Contractors
Serves Bayonne, New Jersey
(7)
For quality improvements and upgrades throughout the home, you have the right place. From baths to kitchens, from designs to install, ER Homes LLC can do it all. Consider what your home would look like with a brand new addition. Maybe a man cave or a nursery for an upcoming addition. Small jobs, lar...Read more about Er Homes LLC
For quality improvements and upgrades throughout the home, you have the right place. From baths to kitchens, from designs to install, ER Homes LLC can do it all. Consider what your home would look like with a brand new addition. Maybe a man cave or a nursery for an upcoming addition. Small jobs, lar...Read more about Er Homes LLC
Porch Pro Headshot Reliable Installations & Renovations  llc
General Contractors
Serves Bayonne, New Jersey
(6)
"Reliable handled our kitchen renovation and did a wonderful job! They have reliable people working for them and they are consistent and diligent in scheduling and in showing up. They even took care of my ending punch list without any complaints. I highly recommend Luis and the rest of the Reliable...Read more about Reliable Installations & Renovations llc
"Reliable handled our kitchen renovation and did a wonderful job! They have reliable people working for them and they are consistent and diligent in scheduling and in showing up. They even took care of my ending punch list without any complaints. I highly recommend Luis and the rest of the Reliable...Read more about Reliable Installations & Renovations llc
Porch Pro Headshot The French Renovation
General Contractors
Serves Bayonne, New Jersey
(2)
"Mr. Villegas is professional, honest, congenial with perfect work ethics. Mr Villegas Built a deck with expertise and creativity. He installed French interior doors and exterior doors for my tiny house. I would recommend him highly and use his services again. Satisfied client"
"Mr. Villegas is professional, honest, congenial with perfect work ethics. Mr Villegas Built a deck with expertise and creativity. He installed French interior doors and exterior doors for my tiny house. I would recommend him highly and use his services again. Satisfied client"
Porch Pro Headshot RUSSOS HOME IMPROV.LLC
General Contractors
Serves Bayonne, New Jersey
(9)
Complete interior & exterior design
Complete interior & exterior design
Porch Pro Headshot MyRiver Property Solutions
General Contractors
Serves Bayonne, New Jersey
(2)
"We have had the pleasure of working with MyRiver on a few home projects over the years. Moe and Charlie take pride in going above and beyond to make sure every detail of every job is extraordinary! Our house not only has had some major repair work and MyRiver team was efficient and professional. ...Read more about MyRiver Property Solutions
"We have had the pleasure of working with MyRiver on a few home projects over the years. Moe and Charlie take pride in going above and beyond to make sure every detail of every job is extraordinary! Our house not only has had some major repair work and MyRiver team was efficient and professional. ...Read more about MyRiver Property Solutions
Porch Pro Headshot all city construction and consulting group
General Contractors
Serves Bayonne, New Jersey
(1)
"My experience with All City construction was amazing they are very clean when working they protected all my valuables and did amazing work in my apartment on Park Avenue. I asked for a high end paint job but i was not expecting for the paint job to exceed my expectations."
"My experience with All City construction was amazing they are very clean when working they protected all my valuables and did amazing work in my apartment on Park Avenue. I asked for a high end paint job but i was not expecting for the paint job to exceed my expectations."
Porch Pro Headshot Guerreiro's Construction
General Contractors
Serves Bayonne, New Jersey
For the past 20 years Guerreiro’s Construction grew from a small Elizabeth NJ based operation, into the diversified and successful construction company that exists today.We have expanded steadily by combining competitive pricing, high quality workmanship with Employee retention. As in virtually all ...Read more about Guerreiro's Construction
For the past 20 years Guerreiro’s Construction grew from a small Elizabeth NJ based operation, into the diversified and successful construction company that exists today.We have expanded steadily by combining competitive pricing, high quality workmanship with Employee retention. As in virtually all ...Read more about Guerreiro's Construction
Porch Pro Headshot Marks Home Maintenance and Repair
General Contractors
Serves Bayonne, New Jersey
We do all areas but not limited to painting power washing fences, hardwood floors, tile floors, demolition, electrical, plumbing, driveway retaring, windows, home theater installs, custom surround sound systems ,
We do all areas but not limited to painting power washing fences, hardwood floors, tile floors, demolition, electrical, plumbing, driveway retaring, windows, home theater installs, custom surround sound systems ,

Frequently asked questions about general contractors

A general contractor oversees building and remodeling projects from start to finish. Their main priority is making sure that a project progresses according to the schedule, is on budget, and that all work is done properly. All other contractors and workers answer to the general contractor and they answer to the client who hired them.

Start by getting bids from different contractors. Bids lay out your expected cost and the extent of the project, including materials, labor, and when the project will be done. If you have a local contractor in mind, feel free to work with them in negotiating the terms of a bid, rather than putting out a competitive bid request. Terms typically outline payment installments, an expected timeline for milestones, and the expected outcome at each phase of the project.

Once you've signed the contract with the general contractor, they bring in the workers and begin on the project. Throughout the course of the project, the general contractor manages all workers and subcontractors. General contractors generally own or work for a company that handles one or two aspects of building and remodeling. Very few do framing, finishing, electrical, concrete, plumbing, and landscaping on their own. So, it's quite common for general contractors to outsource work from other companies. The general contractor handles the hiring of these subcontractors, as well as paying them and their own workers. You only have to worry about paying the general contractor.

Hiring multiple subcontractors for a job might seem more economical, but it would put much of the decision-making on you. What you might save in money may be offset by the amount of time and mental energy you'd have to put into the project. An experienced general contractor knows the ins and outs of the construction business. They understand how to structure a project and work with subcontractors to get projects completed safely, and on schedule. This leaves the day-to-day decisions to someone with more experience.

The licensing rules in some states require hiring a general contractor for certain projects. If the state doesn't require a general contractor in your case, it makes good sense to hire a licensed and insured local contractor.

General contractors live by their reputation. They work hard to build trust with their clients and honor that trust through their management of construction projects. Even if they never lift a hammer during the course of a job, they feel a great sense of ownership of the whole operation.

General contractors usually have a vast knowledge of local building codes. Their understanding of construction and people management helps all subcontractors to work together. They see how each piece fits together to make a completed project. Subcontractors may take a narrow view of their role, which could cause problems for other subcontractors working on the next step. General contractors work closely with their crews, subcontractors, and you to prevent costly miscommunication.

Whether you're hiring a home contractor to build your dream house or searching "general contractors in my area" to oversee a remodel project, you'll be working closely with whomever you choose.

When you get underway with your contractor, you'll begin by sorting out every possible detail. Before work begins, the contractor will work out a project plan with you. The project plan may include determining fixtures, finishes, and furnishings — to avoid any cost gaps in the initial bid. The more specific you are, the more realistic and accurate the bid will be.

Make sure it’s OK to call or text your contractor throughout the day. Even if they aren't always available, they should provide you with contact information for a lead person or someone else you can discuss the project with. When possible, visit the job site. This gives the contractor or lead the opportunity to bring up any issues and ask any questions about specifics that weren't covered in the project plan.

It's also helpful to keep a project journal. Write down product order numbers. Jot down questions and ideas, and note delivery dates. This can make it easier to sort out any disputes that may arise later. Track any changes to the initial project plan in writing. If unforeseen changes occur, make sure to get a bid change in writing.

Other helpful tips:

  • Check on work as it progresses
  • Pay only for completed work
  • Be a fair customer by paying bills on time, responding quickly to questions, and treating your contractor and their workers fairly
  • Know the workers’ names, and make sure they have what they need
  • Establishing a good working relationship with your contractor from the beginning will lead to a more successful project

Some general contractors charge a flat fee. Most charge a markup, which is a percentage of the overall completed project cost. The markup amount covers their overhead, including advertising, insurance, office expenses, and their own salary. The contractor should outline all payments and expenses in the contract at the outset.

Contractors typically ask for a percentage of the total project cost upfront. This initial fee covers the cost of getting the project started, provides workers with their wages for the first phase of the construction, and helps serve as a deposit for the needed materials and supplies. Fifteen percent is a fair and decent initial payment for getting a project started. Most states cap this initial fee at 33%, and a good contractor should have good enough credit to cover remaining up-front costs.

After each phase or "milestone" gets completed, your contract will likely require you to pay more money toward the project. These installments are an expected part of the construction process to cover wages, additional supplies, and materials the contractor may need to continue. Even the most well-off contractor would quickly run out of money to move forward if they didn't include installment payments into their contracts.

A big project is a costly endeavor and a long-term investment. When choosing a general contractor, it makes sense to look beyond just the contractor’s fee. Be sure to hire someone that can provide proof of licensing, insurance, and references. Take the time to look into their track record. A good general contractor will leave a trail of stellar online reviews, and when you talk to former clients, they'll have only good things to say. When you enter a project with a contractor, you need a pro you trust with your home, so it’s wise to do your homework ahead of time to ensure a successful outcome.

Begin with a plan that lays out the scope of the remodeling work you want done. By the time you hire a contractor, you should have decided on materials, fixtures, appliances, and other items. If you've decided on any changes to the floor plan, be sure to add the specifics to your plan. The more details, the better. Add everything you can think of, down to the brass pulls for the kitchen cupboards.

Once you have this plan, start talking to contractors to get estimates and formal bids. Ask around for local contractor recommendations at your local hardware store, or go online and read client reviews. Good contractors tend to be very busy, so expect a waiting period from the time you contact them to the time they can start on the project. Be sure to seek out a contractor with experience in the job you need done. If you need a patio installed, scroll past them if they specialize in kitchens and baths.

When speaking to the contractor, make sure you're clear on which parts of the project the contractor will handle and which will go to a subcontractor. Ask for proof of licensing, insurance, and any relevant subcontractors' licenses. Check contractor credentials with your local Better Business Bureau.

Only sign a detailed contract, and be sure you understand every detail of the contract before signing. Be sure to get the proper permits for your project. A good contractor will be able to talk you through getting permits. In some places, contractors are able to get the permits themselves. Check in with the contractor regularly during the course of the project to avoid errors and miscommunication.

Searching online for "good general contractors near me" or getting referrals from a hardware or home improvement store is a first step to hiring a contractor. Take certain precautions before hiring a contractor to prevent costly headaches later on.

Begin by working with a professional architect or designer who's able to provide all the information a contractor will need. A designer or architect can also create the necessary drawings to submit for obtaining a permit. Include details like finishes, fixtures, plumbing work, electrical installations, and possible millwork.

Come up with a specifications list in advance. Write down the details of every element you want placed into the project, from the front door to the floor tiles that you want. Calculate to make sure all your selections fall within your budget and meet your personal requirements.

Make sure your contractor has the proper licensing and insurance. Check out a potential contractor’s previous work. They should be able to offer examples. When you interview contractors, remember that you'll spend a lot of time working with this person. You need to feel you can trust them because unexpected situations are bound to come up. Perhaps you didn't consider what style of door handle you want for the master bathroom, or the carpet you selected for the living room is no longer available. These types of situations happen with any project, so do your best to remain patient throughout the construction process.

See to it that your contractor provides a timeline that they can stick to and that works with your needs. Get a list of subcontractors they use, and look into their history. Use careful consideration when choosing your contractor for the most successful outcome.

Be sure your general contractor is licensed and insured. They should have both contractor’s liability insurance and worker’s compensation insurance. An insured contractor will take responsibility for the project and for anything that happens at the worksite. Make sure their insurance covers any subcontractors or that they only work with insured third parties.

Ask for proof of insurance right away. Hiring an uninsured contractor may seem less expensive, but it could cost you down the road. In the event of a job-site injury or property damage, a properly insured contractor will shield you from potentially catastrophic costs. Depending on the state you live in, if a worker is injured on your property and their general contractor didn't carry the proper insurance, you might be liable for the cost of treating their injuries.

Homeowners’ insurance policies cover property damage. Some also cover limited injury liability, but these policies have limitations. Even in the unlikely event that your policy covers 100 percent of liability, your premiums would most certainly go up. Contractors insurance ensures that you don't have to cover any costs unrelated to the project completion itself.

If a contractor is reliable, they'll be licensed and carry insurance, and if they don't have a license, no company will insure them. Proof of proper licensing and insurance is a sure sign of a reliable contractor.

Recent reviews for Bayonne General Contractors

18397

After interviewing several remodeling companies we chose the one headed by Eric Bastian because he was willing to listen to our ideas and make constructive criticisms based on his experience. He worked with us during the entire kitchen remodeling project ...

- Bill Romanchick
330015

Admitted 5,400 "quick fix" did not work. Nothing on contract , no signature?, state registration number? , etc etc , recently widowed customer , and roof is still leaking . Leak is worse now .

- Joe J
329919

Used there other company ..All Weather Roofing .hired to repair leak in roof . Roof is leaking worse then before, their reply was " our quick fix did not work" the quick fix cost 5,400, they want to credit a few hundred dollars toward more $$$$$ to do m...

- Joe J
17801

Dream Home Remodeling is a very professional. Accurate estimates, high quality work, and shows up on time for all his appointments. Looking forward to working with him again.

- Heidi Wilk Tilis
17816

Eric (the owner) goes above and beyond, making sure all the work we asked was done properly and in a timely manner. Our kitchen and bathroom looked beautiful when the work was done. I would Highly recommend!!

- Evelyn Torres- O'Donnell
17841

Eric and his team have done several projects for me in the last 12 months. Eric is as close to an "old school" builder as they come. He has integrity and cares about doing his best job every time. Eric and his crew are professional and a pleasure to work ...

- Tracey Wetmore
68689

Screwed my company out of money over several months. Made promises to pay but never did. Seemed like a really nice guy but blamed his own lack of communication on me and my company, which is why he decided not to pay us despite having a signed contract th...

- Michael Sweigart
17834

Dream Home Remodeling is a very good home improvement company. They perform quality work and use highly competent sub-contractors. A pleasure to work with.

- Neil Tobenkin
24368

Eric and his crew created & installed shelving for our family room & we able to move the cable box & blue-ray to another part of our family room. Very professional, very neat & tidy and the work that they did was top-notch. Would not hesitate to recomme...

- Donn Sharer
72535

We were specifically looking for an EPA-certified, lead-safe contractor to remove old lead paint from our house and repaint it. We asked for Franklin Painting's lead certification at the start of the job, which they emailed to us. The workers, however, le...

- Ross Clarke
89151

True to his words, MyRiver Property Solutions did an amazing job. The quality and schedule were on the money. The carpenters, painters, plumbers electricians, all professional. I am very pleased with the results. We now work with them on all of our projec...

- victor singh
98933

I had high hopes for this company given the positive reviews on yelp and other social media. They started off great but then became very inconsistent and ultimately didn't finish the job on my bathroom renovation. They stopped returning phone calls and em...

- Anil Chacko

Everything You Need to Know About Bayonne General Contractors

Can I browse unscreened General Contractors in Bayonne?

We do our best to screen all of our general contractors. However, there are still some general contractor professionals in Bayonne that have not been pre-screened. This means that their licenses may not be up to date to operate in Bayonne or NJ. Always be sure to pre-screen them yourself before hiring. Here are some unscreened professionals offering general contractor services:

  • Saenz Contractors Inc.:
    • Active/Verified License: No, current status is inactive
  • Ventrone Contractors:
    • Active/Verified License: No, current status is inactive
  • Dreamstar Construction LLC:
    • Active/Verified License: No, current status is inactive

How do I know that I found the right General Contractor in Bayonne for my general contractor services project?

Finding the right general contractor for your project can be stressful.... when you don't search with Porch. We've pulled together everything you need to know about General Contractor Services in Bayonne so you can have some peace of mind before starting your project.

Here’s what you need to know to choose the right general contractor in Bayonne:

  • Are they properly licensed? Bayonne has 1 licensed General Contractors Pros.
  • Are they BBB accredited? 2 pros in Bayonne are.
  • Check if they are they BBB rated: 13 are A-rated in Bayonne.
  • Is the quality worth the price? Make sure to find the general contractor that can deliver the quality you're looking for, without going way over your budget. Don't forget that every job is going to be different.
  • Speak with them over the phone: Contact multiple general contractors pros to see if you’re on the same page when it comes to your project.

Who are the best General Contractors in Bayonne?

We've found 50 general contractor providers that are available to you in Bayonne.

Keep in mind that every project has different requirements, and some general contractor professionals maybe be more equipped to handle the specifications of your general contractor services work than others. Talk to multiple general contractors before deciding which one is right for you. You will want to consider how much they charge, if they are properly licensed for general contractor services work in Bayonne, and if your project is a fit. Here are some suggested professionals and companies to get you started:

  • Taylor Rae Construction
    • Location: Bayonne
  • Dream Home Remodeling
    • Location: Bayonne
  • Saenz Contractors Inc.
    • Location: Bayonne

All General Contractors in Bayonne, NJ

Porch Pro Headshot Exclusive Development Inc.
General Contractors
Serves Bayonne, New Jersey
Exclusive Development Inc. 371 Whiton St., Jersey City, NJ, 07304 (201) 273-9588 Exclusive Development Inc. offers high quality General Construction Services in Jersey City, NJ, 07304 at a fair price. Book an appointment now by calling our construction experts today! Residential Construction, Com...Read more about Exclusive Development Inc.
Exclusive Development Inc. 371 Whiton St., Jersey City, NJ, 07304 (201) 273-9588 Exclusive Development Inc. offers high quality General Construction Services in Jersey City, NJ, 07304 at a fair price. Book an appointment now by calling our construction experts today! Residential Construction, Com...Read more about Exclusive Development Inc.
Porch Pro Headshot Best Car Accident Lawyers New Jersey
General Contractors
Serves Bayonne, New Jersey
Car accident attorney are the most common but working with the best lawyers is always luck. Best Car Accident Lawyers New Jersey has the best lawyers who are expert in their own fields for making any claim done.
Car accident attorney are the most common but working with the best lawyers is always luck. Best Car Accident Lawyers New Jersey has the best lawyers who are expert in their own fields for making any claim done.
Porch Pro Headshot Personal Injury Lawyers in NJ
General Contractors
Serves Bayonne, New Jersey
Contact Personal Injury Lawyers in NJ at (626) 495-2108 to speak with a personal injury lawyer about your case. We have most knowledgeable attorney with years of experience. We are affordable for all our services.
Contact Personal Injury Lawyers in NJ at (626) 495-2108 to speak with a personal injury lawyer about your case. We have most knowledgeable attorney with years of experience. We are affordable for all our services.
Porch Pro Headshot Best Rate Contractor
General Contractors
Serves Bayonne, New Jersey
Best Rate Contractor is your locally owned and operated home maintenance and handyman service company with over 12 years of construction industry experience. No residential project is too big or too small for our qualified craftsmen. Call us first.
Best Rate Contractor is your locally owned and operated home maintenance and handyman service company with over 12 years of construction industry experience. No residential project is too big or too small for our qualified craftsmen. Call us first.
Porch Pro Headshot Bernardini's Construction
General Contractors
Serves Bayonne, New Jersey
If you need a New construction, Remodeling services, Repair/Replace or Maintain your Home or Business, you can rely on Bernadini's Constrution to help you with that, We provide fast, professional and emergency services to our Customers. You can expect us to be on-time and courteous on your request.
If you need a New construction, Remodeling services, Repair/Replace or Maintain your Home or Business, you can rely on Bernadini's Constrution to help you with that, We provide fast, professional and emergency services to our Customers. You can expect us to be on-time and courteous on your request.
Porch Pro Headshot HOB Massage
General Contractors
Serves Bayonne, New Jersey
HOB Massage Bayonne, NJ, 07002 (201) 201-5720 Experience the ultimate in massage services at HOB Massage where massage is our business. Our staff has been providing outstanding massage services. Steam Sauna, VIP Sauna, Rain Shower, Escort Companionship, Body Massage, Local Adult Massage, Erotic Mas...Read more about HOB Massage
HOB Massage Bayonne, NJ, 07002 (201) 201-5720 Experience the ultimate in massage services at HOB Massage where massage is our business. Our staff has been providing outstanding massage services. Steam Sauna, VIP Sauna, Rain Shower, Escort Companionship, Body Massage, Local Adult Massage, Erotic Mas...Read more about HOB Massage
Porch Pro Headshot DIBENEDETTO CONSTRUCTION CORP
General Contractors
Serves Bayonne, New Jersey
Dibenedetto Construction Corp, located in Staten Island, is a remodeling specialist that offers bedroom remodeling, acoustical construction, and countertop installation as well as other services.
Dibenedetto Construction Corp, located in Staten Island, is a remodeling specialist that offers bedroom remodeling, acoustical construction, and countertop installation as well as other services.
Porch Pro Headshot Staten Island General Contractor
General Contractors
Serves Bayonne, New Jersey
General Contractor in Staten Island NY specializing in home improvement, home renovations, kitchen remodeling, bathroom remodeling, basement remodeling, exterior stucco walls, and exterior masonry.
General Contractor in Staten Island NY specializing in home improvement, home renovations, kitchen remodeling, bathroom remodeling, basement remodeling, exterior stucco walls, and exterior masonry.
Porch Pro Headshot NYC Superior Construction
General Contractors
Serves Bayonne, New Jersey
Porch Pro Headshot E & B Roofing
General Contractors
Serves Bayonne, New Jersey
E & B Roofing is a professional roofing company serving the Staten Island, NY area. We offer high-quality residential and commercial roofing services, including asphalt roofing, cold roofing, and more. Call us for appointments or more information about our services! Asphalt Roofing, Cold Roofing, Ru...Read more about E & B Roofing
E & B Roofing is a professional roofing company serving the Staten Island, NY area. We offer high-quality residential and commercial roofing services, including asphalt roofing, cold roofing, and more. Call us for appointments or more information about our services! Asphalt Roofing, Cold Roofing, Ru...Read more about E & B Roofing
Porch Pro Headshot Auto Repair Done By Jose
General Contractors
Serves Bayonne, New Jersey
Auto Repair Done By Jose has the experience and resources to provide you with the highest quality mobile auto repair services in Elizabeth, NJ. Just pick up the phone and give us a call. Mobile Auto Service, Car Services, Auto Maintenance, Mobile Car Service, Professional Auto Repair Roselle Park, N...Read more about Auto Repair Done By Jose
Auto Repair Done By Jose has the experience and resources to provide you with the highest quality mobile auto repair services in Elizabeth, NJ. Just pick up the phone and give us a call. Mobile Auto Service, Car Services, Auto Maintenance, Mobile Car Service, Professional Auto Repair Roselle Park, N...Read more about Auto Repair Done By Jose
Porch Pro Headshot Hyper Improvement LLC
General Contractors
Serves Bayonne, New Jersey
Hyper Improvement, based in Bayonne, is a remodeling contractor that provides ramp installation, countertop installation, and kitchen design as well as other services.
Hyper Improvement, based in Bayonne, is a remodeling contractor that provides ramp installation, countertop installation, and kitchen design as well as other services.
Porch Pro Headshot KARINAS CONSTRUCTION
General Contractors
Serves Bayonne, New Jersey
Based out of Bayonne, Karinas Construction is a general contractor. They offer new home construction, bedroom remodeling and more.
Based out of Bayonne, Karinas Construction is a general contractor. They offer new home construction, bedroom remodeling and more.
Porch Pro Headshot Traderremodelation LLC
General Contractors
Serves Bayonne, New Jersey
Any broken can be fixed.
Any broken can be fixed.

Latest projects near Bayonne

Recent projects booked on Porch
Jersey City 07305
Basement Waterproofing
Start Date
I'm flexible
Item to waterproof
Basement or foundation walls
Part of basement to waterproof
Exterior home walls, Basement interior walls, Basement floor
Current damage problems
Dampness or leaking, Standing water, Mold or mildew build up
Walls and surfaces currently exposed
No